Within Maramureș County, there is an operational international airport, bearing the name of the region – Maramureș International Airport, situated 10 km away from our capital city – the municipality of Baia Mare, in the town of Tăuții Magherăuș. The airport has been functioning since 1964 and opened to international flights in 2008. The airport is being managed by an administration, subordinated to the Maramureș County Council.
The General Transport Master Plan of Romania includes works and supplies of equipment for the Maramureș International Airport in the amount of 1.7 million Euros, for the period 2014-2020, needed for the rehabilitation of the extended terminal and improved capacities.
We have identified as a sectorial opportunity, within the Sustainable Development Strategy of Maramureș County 2014-2020 – the growth of the attractiveness’ level of the region for investors, tourists and residents by providing access to regular flights to urban hubs in Romania as well as abroad. This implies the usage to the full potential of the current infrastructure that has been recently upgraded, as well as planning to extend it, in terms of passengers (terminal) and goods (cargo) flows. Thus, we find ourselves now in the stage of devising a strategy to construct a new terminal that can service up to 450 passengers per hour – arrivals/departures, for local/national and international flights. There is a plan to also construct a new cargo terminal, as an important manufacturer of aluminum parts for airplanes (Universal Alloy Corporation Europe) operates in the vicinity of the airport and is currently financing a new investment. The new plant will encompass a center for design and a production facility for large plane parts, which would require air-transport using specialized cargo planes.
The airport has been certified with the label of “international” as early as the year 2011 and this has involved the full presence of all needed certified services within the premises (customs, border control, passenger and luggage security and so on).
The significant European funds that the Maramureș Airport has benefited from in the previous programming period have helped ensure that all facilities function at European standard levels for both passengers and air-operators, with plans on the way to further extend the passenger terminal and erect a new cargo terminal that will service the private sector in the region. To achieve its full development potential, the airport needs to continue the investments for both passengers and goods traffic.
Rehabilitation of the County Roads
The Strategic Planning Document at County level, called “The Sustainable Development Strategy of Maramureş County for 2014-2020”, is the main document of Maramureş county public administration. One of the strategic objectives identified is to increase the connectivity and attractiveness of Maramureş County for investors and tourists. This is also envisaged by increasing the accessibility of Maramureş County both at the western and northern boundaries, at major transport corridors in the TEN-T network and at the major urban centers in the region, as well as increasing the sustainable mobility within it.
Roads are an essential component of the county’s development strategy; therefore, the development of transport infrastructure is a necessary condition to ensure that the other priorities of the county are implemented in an integrated way.
The county roads in Maramureş have a total length of 786.7 km, their share in the total length of the county roads (30.5%) being higher compared to the regional (26.1%) and national (26.3%) level.
At present, the rehabilitation of the county infrastructure is done through investments from two funds: the Regional Operational Program (POR) and the National Local Development Program (PNDL), which will help the whole area, mainly on the tourism segment.
Between 2009 and 2016 the county road route BAIA SPRIE (National Road 18) – CAVNIC (County Road 184) – OCNA ŞUGATAG (County Road 109F) -CĂLINEŞTI (County Road 185) – BÂRSANA (County Road 185) was rehabilitated. The project was financed through Regional Operational Program 2007-2013, Priority Axis 2, Improving the regional and local transport infrastructure, Key area of intervention 2.1, Rehabilitation and modernization of the county road network, urban streets – including the construction / rehabilitation of the ring roads. The total amount of funding was 131,560,403.75 lei.
In the next period, the following county roads will be rehabilitated through the investment projects listed below:
1. Project “North Road Rehabilitation – Maramures, Stage I” ROP 2014-2020 – LOT 1 and LOT 2
The investment objective “Rehabilitation of the North Road – Maramures, Stage I”, financed through the Regional Operational Program 2014-2020 has a total length of 72.758 km and is composed of the following roads and sectors of county roads:
County Road 108D, county limit Salaj – Gârdani (DJ108A);
County Road 108A, Gârdani – Ardusat;
County Road 193, Satu Mare county limit- Hideaga;
County Road 182B, Coaş – Şomcuta Mare;
The rehabilitation works will be carried out on the existing sector of the county roads and they will provide actions to improve the relevant parameters: speeding, road safety, loading, etc.
Among other things, the project also includes road bridge rehabilitation works over the Somes River on the County Road 193 in Ardusat, with a length of 238 m, and the 66 m long and 38 m long discharge bridges. Also, the project includes works to readjust the level of the crossing with Railway (Dej – Baia Mare) on the county road DJ193 in Hideaga.
The total value of the investment “Rehabilitation Northern Road – Maramures, Stage I” is 231,545,894 RON including VAT.
The duration of the design and execution contracts is 780 calendar days starting on 1st of March, 2019, of which the 180 days design phase and the actual execution time of the works is 600 days.
2. Project “County Road 109F Rehabilitation, Sălaj County limit- Târgu Lăpuş (National Road 18B) – Dămăcuşeni – Rogoz (County Road 171)”- PNDL I – Lot 1
The Investment Objective “County Road 109F Rehabilitation, Sălaj County limit – Târgu Lăpuş (National Road 18B) – Dămăcuşeni – Rogoz (County Road 171)” is financed through the National Program for Local Development I, a governmental program managed by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration for the financing of local development projects by carrying out road infrastructure works, approved by the GEO no. 28/2013.
The county road section to be rehabilitated within this project has an effective length of 27.426 km from km 10 + 335 (county Sălaj) – Târgu Lăpuş (National Road 18B) – Dămăcuşeni – km 38 + 164 Rogoz (intersection with County Road 171). The county road 109F overlaps in the central area of Târgu Lăpuş with the National Road 18B on a length of 403 m, from km 33 + 264 to km 33 + 667.
This sector of the county road crosses the following localities: Baba, Drăghia, Coroieni, Văleni, Răzoare, Târgu Lăpuş, Dămăcuşeni and Rogoz and intersects with the following public roads classified: Communal Road 39 (Vălenii Lăpuşului), Communal Road 57 (Drăghia), Communal Road 55 (Coroieni), County Road 109G (Vălenii Lăpuşului), Communal Road 52 (Răzoare), National Road18B (Târgu Lăpuş) and County Road 171 (Rogoz).
The duration of the design and execution contract is 540 calendar days, starting on 6th of March, 2019, of which the design phase is 180 days, and the actual execution time of the works is 360 calendar days.
3. Project “Rehabilitation of County Road 182B, Coaș sector (intersection with County Road 182C) – Remeți pe Someș (intersection with County Road 108E); The section: Șomcuta Mare (intersection National Road 1C) – Remeți pe Someș (intersection County Road 108E)” – PNDL I – Lot 2
The investment objective “Rehabilitation of County Road 182B, Coaș sector (intersection with County Road 182C) – Remeți pe Someș (intersection with County Road 108E); The section: Șomcuta Mare (intersection National Road 1C) – Remeți pe Someș (intersection County Road 108E)” is funded through the National Program for Local Development I, government program managed by the Ministry of Regional Development, Public Administration and European Funds for the financing of local development projects by carrying out the road infrastructure works approved by GEO no. 28/2013.
The county road 182B runs from the north to the southwest central region of Maramureş County from Baia Mare to the limit with Satu Mare County and has a total length of 69.100 km. The county road 182B to be rehabilitated ensures the connection of the county north with the trans-European network (National Road 1C) of road transport and has a length of 14.366 km being from km 26 + 900 (National Road 1C) to km 41+ 266.
The road sector crosses the localities of Şomcuta Mare (National Road 1C), Tulghieş, Mireşu Mare and Remeţi pe Someş and it is planned to connect with the bridge over the Someş river in the town of Ulmeni, bridge which is being executed in works. This road intersects with other classified public roads: National Road 1C (Dej – Baia Mare), Communal Road 82 (towards Iadăra), County Road 108E (to Hideaga).
The duration of the contract for the design and execution of the works is 360 calendar days, starting with 4th of January, 2019, of which the design phase is 180 days, and the actual execution time of the works is 180 calendar days.
4. Project “Rehabilitation of County Road 186, Bârsana sector (County Road 185)– Strâmtura – Rozavlea – Șieu – Bogdan Vodă – Dragomirești – Săliștea de Sus – Săcel (National Road 17C)” – PNDL II – Lot 1
The investment objective “Rehabilitation of County Road 186, Bârsana sector (County Road 185)– Strâmtura – Rozavlea – Șieu – Bogdan Vodă – Dragomirești – Săliștea de Sus – Săcel (National Road 17C)” is funded through the National Program for Local Development II, government program managed by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration for the financing of local development projects by carrying out road infrastructure works approved by GEO no. 28/2013.
The County Road 186 sector to be rehabilitated in this project has a length of 39.300 km from km 13 + 347 (first intersection with DJ 185) Bârsana – km 52 + 568 (intersection with National Road 17C) Săcel.
The road intersects with a number of other graded public roads: County Road 185 (Bârsana – Valea Muntelui), County Road 186D (Strâmtura), Communal Road 15 (Strâmtura), Communal Road 17 (Strâmtura), County Road 186D (Şieu), County Road 186C (Bogdan Vodă), County Road 188 (Bogdan Vodă), Communal Road 20 (Săliştea de Sus).
The County Road 186 sector to be rehabilitated runs through the localities: Bârsana, Strâmtura, Rozavlea, Şieu, Bogdan Vodă, Dragomireşti, Săliştea de Sus, Săcel.
The estimated value of the design and execution of works is 95,696,699.70 lei excluding VAT. The duration of the design and execution contract will be 720 days of which the design phase is 180 days and the actual execution stage of the works is 540 calendar days.
5. Project “Rehabilitation of County Road 187, Leordina (National Road 18) – Ruscova – Repedea – Poienile de Sub Munte” – PNDL II – Lot 2
The investment objective “Rehabilitation of County Road 187, Leordina (National Road 18) – Ruscova – Repedea – Poienile de Sub Munte” is funded through the National Program for Local Development II, government program managed by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration for the financing of local development projects by carrying out road infrastructure works approved by GEO no. 28/2013.
The County Road 187 to be rehabilitated within this project has a length of approximately 20.00 km from km 0 + 000 Leordina (intersection with National Road 18) at km 20.00 Poienile de Sub Munte.
The road intersects with two graded public roads: National Road 18 (Leordina) and Communal Road 4 (Repedea).
The County Road 187 to be rehabilitated runs through the localities: Leordina (National Road 18), Ruscova, Repedea and Poienile de Sub Munte.
The estimated value of the design and execution of works is 48,295,027.86 lei exclusive of VAT.
The duration of the design and execution contract will be 720 days of which the design phase of 180 days and the actual execution stage of the works of 540 calendar days.
Investments in Health
The Emergency County Hospital „Doctor Constantin Opriş” – Baia Mare
The Emergency County Hospital „Doctor Constantin Opriş” – Baia Mare was recently rehabilitated and offers a good medical assistance to all citizens and visitors of Maramureș. The project entitled: «Rehabilitation of the Emergency County Hospital „Doctor Constantin Opriş” – Baia Mare» has had an implementation period of over 5 years, in the timeframe 8th of October, 2010 – 7th of December, 2015. The total value of the project has been 83,135,079 lei, out of which the total eligible value has amounted to 56,755,818 lei, making the rehabilitation works value at an estimate of 300 Euro/square meter.
The general objective of the project has been the constructive rehabilitation of the Emergency County Hospital in Baia Mare. The medical facility is the largest and most important health service provider within the county and ensures specialized and emergency medical assistance to all the population of the city of Baia Mare, the county of Maramureș, as well as the neighboring counties, functioning as an emergency hospital.
The rehabilitation of the Emergency County Hospital refers to the actual main building of the medical institution and planned to reconstruct the resistance structure of the building, align the building to the most recent fire-protection rules, implement the modifications required to facilitate the access of people with disabilities and ensure the thermic insulation of the building. To these were added works to remake the ventilations, vertical circulations, electrical cables, sanitary installations as well as medicinal gases.
The specific objectives of the project were as follows:
• improving the quality of medical services provided;
• increase the comfort of patients treated in the hospital;
• increase the level of sanitation and microbial control;
• increase the level of protection against fire;
• ensure the access of persons with disabilities;
• optimize the expenses related to utilities;
• respect all regulations concerning usage and energy conservation.
The direct beneficiary of the project has been Maramures County Council, who has the ownership of the building as well as the Emergency County Hospital „Doctor Constantin Opriş” – Baia Mare who is operating the medical facility and can function in building that is up-to-date with all safety standards and rules concerning hygiene and comfort for the patients.
The indirect final beneficiaries of the project include all patients from the county and neighboring ones (over 225,000 people who have benefited from medical services in the year 2018), the staff of the hospital (medical staff, auxiliary staff and maintenance personal), families (visitors) of the patients admitted and treated within the facility.
Extension and endowment of the integrated ambulatory of the Hospital for Infectious Diseases and Psychiatry Baia Mare
Project proposed for financing under the Regional Operational Program
Component 1 P.O.R / 2018/8 / 8.1 / 8.1.A / 1/7 regions – Ambulatory
Priority Axis Development of health and social infrastructure
Operation 8.1.A: Ambulatory
Increasing the accessibility of health services for urban and rural patients belonging to Maramures county and neighboring counties (Satu Mare, Salaj and Bistrita-Nasaud) by building a new section as an extension of the existing integrated ambulatory and equipping it with specific equipment for the purpose of functioning in better conditions in terms of medical assistance, as well as for taking a larger number of patients.
-increasing the accessibility of health services for the urban and rural patients belonging to the Maramures county and the neighboring counties (Salaj, Bistriţa-Nasaud, Satu Mare);
– ensuring the accessibility of disabled people to the level of services provided in the outpatient setting by creating facilities and meeting the requirements specific to persons with disabilities;
– increasing the quality of medical services offered by the division of premises according to the specialized needs;
– increasing the quality of the medical act by expanding the diagnosis services for the diseases through the possibility of carrying out imaging investigations as a result of the acquisition of a CT scanner;
– reduction of diagnostic and treatment time, as well as early preventionscreening of diseases by ensuring the specific structure and endowment proposed by medical protocols for psychiatric diseases;
– increasing the number of patients consulted through the Health Insurance House, limited by the contracted value, depending on the capacity of the ambulatory (directly proportional);
– reduction of diagnosis and treatment mistakes;
– early detection of structural or vascular cerebral affections;
– improving the working conditions of the hired personnel.
The proposed project aims the functional interconnection of the two pavilions of the psychiatric section, by extending the integrated ambulatory in order to ensure the continuity of the medical act in the necessary symbiosis for a coherent curative approach. The extension of the premises and the provision of functional circuits in accordance with the requirements of the current legislation will increase the ambulatory capacity to provide quality medical services at the basic level of the health system, leading to the increase of the efficiency and effectiveness of the specialized services at the level of Maramures County.
The project addresses the issue of overstressing hospital care and the low performance of the Romanian health system, especially in the field of mental health, in the context of the fact that the incidence of these diseases has a positive trend and the degree of coverage with this type of health services is relatively low leading to a low level of accessibility for the vulnerable population.
Improving the infrastructure and conditions for providing outpatient healthcare is a viable alternative to sustainable healthcare that focuses on improving prevention and intervening at primary stages of disease manifestations that lead to health improvement and increase the chances of social inclusion of affected people.
Circuit of Wooden Churches in Northern Transylvania
The wooden churches are a defining reality for the spiritual geography of the Romanian people everywhere. Collective work, often anonymous, the wooden churches in Maramureş reflect socio-economic and historical conditions, a convincing demonstration of the continuity of a spiritual life and ancient tradition.
The general objective of the project is the sustainable valorization of the tourism potential of the wooden churches belonging to UNESCO World Heritage, being values of the cultural heritage of national and universal importance, by creating and improving the related infrastructure and including them in a cultural and religious tourism circuit. The conditions to practise this form of tourism will be increased through this project, with a direct impact on the development of tourism attractiveness of Maramureş county, as a European tourism destination.
The wooden churches from Maramureş included in the project “Circuit of Wooden Churches in Northern Transylvania” are:
1. Bogdan Vodă, Bogdan Vodă village, “St. Nicholas” wooden church,
2. Budeşti, Budeşti village, “St. Nicholas” wooden church, Josani, UNESCO World Heritage,
3. Călineşti, Călineşti village, “The Birth of Virgin Mary” wooden church, Josani (Căieni),
4. Ieud, Ieud village, “The Birth of Virgin Mary” wooden church (on the hill), UNESCO World Heritage,
5. Poienile Izei, Poienile Izei village, “Pious Paraschiva” wooden church, UNESCO World Heritage,
6. Şişeşti, Plopiş village, “The Holy Archangels Mihail and Gavril” wooden church, UNESCO World Heritage,
7. Şişeşti, Şurdeşti village, “The Holy Archangels Mihail and Gavril” wooden church, UNESCO World Heritage,
8. Remetea Chioarului, Remetea Chioarului village, “The Holy Archangels Mihail and Gavril” wooden church:
9. Rozavlea, Rozavlea village, “The Holy Archangels Mihail and Gavril” wooden church,
10. Ocna Şugatag, Şugatag village, “Pious Paraschiva” wooden church,
11. Săcălăşeni, Săcălăşeni village, “Assumption of Virgin Mary” wooden church,
12. Bârsana, Bârsana village, “The Entrance of Virgin Mary in the Church”, wooden church, UNESCO World Heritage,
13. Deseşti, Deseşti village, “Pious Paraschiva” wooden church, UNESCO World Heritage,
14. Botiza, Botiza village, “Pious Paraschiva” wooden church,
15. Copalnic Mănăştur, Cărpiniş village, “Assumption of Virgin Mary” wooden church.
(From the special edition of TB 86 – „ENJOY TRANSYLVANIA!” – May/June 2019)